Nucleic Acid

Nucleic acids are strings of nucleotides. The two main "information" molecules are ribonucleic acid (RNA) and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).

Nucleotide Structure

DNA Nucleotides

Nucleobase 3-letter 1-letter Nucleotide Structure
Adenosine Ade A
Cytosine Cyt C
Guanine Gua G
Thymine Thy T

RNA Nucleotides

Nucleobase 3-letter 1-letter Nucleotide Structure
Adenosine Ade A
Cytosine Cyt C
Guanine Gua G
Uracil Ura U

Nucleic Acid Structure

Primary Structure

Secondary Structure

double helices bulges hairpin loops multistem loops pseudoknots